Water gilding – Video

Among the techniques used for the gilding of a surface, water gilding, or bolus gilding, is the most widespread and appreciated.

Color alterations

The primary function of the finishing varnish layer is to protect the paint from external agents. Contact with air and pollution can lead to …

Priming – Video

In modern and specialized literature, the term “primer” indicates the finishing layer of a preparation, characterized by limited thickness and a smooth and uniform surface, in order to facilitate the gliding of brush strokes.

The mestica – Video

The “mestica” is a colored primer characterized by the use of fatty substances, clay, fixed oils or greasy paints, however quite distinct from the most ancient gypsum and glue preparation.

Gypsum and glue ground preparation – Video

The operational precepts are extensively described by Cennino Cennini (The Book of Art, late Fourteenth Century) who, specifying the various fundamental phases for a preparation with gypsum and glue, handed down the customs typical of Mediterranean countries.

Tracing – Video

Tracing has been one of the most popular techniques to transfer a drawing to a new support without changing its scale. Already used in the Thirteenth – Fourteenth Century workshops, the system is well attested throughout the Renaissance …